In Colonial era south-central and southwestern Pennsylvania (1760s-1780s), there are at least FOUR lines of Hendricks/on families, all with different DNA.
Because migration patterns were similar for early Americans, it’s not uncommon for two families with the same name to be in the same place at the same time — and NOT be related at all.
Many of the descendants of these men have taken DNA test, and there is a Hendricks Family DNA Project at FamilyTreeDNA.com that has sorted them into matching groups:
- John Hendricks/Hendrickson (our forefather) – in Loudoun County, Virginia in 1760-1770, then in Fayette County between 1770-1786, then into Kentucky around 1786. We don’t know where he’s from originally (yet). My family’s haplogroup is R-M269 for the Hendrickson male line.
- Albertus/Tobias Hendricks – the family is originally Dutch and comes from Philadelphia to Chester, then Lancaster County and York County. Much of this is documented in the Frontier Hendricks books (you can find them for free on FamilySearch.org. But the author, Davenport, didn’t have access to DNA in the 1990s when he wrote it, so some of the family connections he suggested aren’t actually real family connections (see Adam Miller Hendrix). In Davenport’s defense, he does say that there seems to be a connection between certain families, but he’s not sure. Per FamilyTreeDNA Hendricks project, this family’s haplogroup is I-M223
- Daniel/Abraham Hendricks of Springhill, Fayette – This is likely the Daniel Hendrick of Haverhill Massachusetts line. Martin Hendrix, administrator of the Hendricks DNA Project on FamilyTreeDNA, confirmed on August 11, 2018 that the Springhill, Fayette Hendricks family DNA matches the Daniel Hendricks of Haverhill, MA family. Daniel and Abraham are in Fayette County in the 1780s; no one seems to know where they’re from. Davenport, in Frontier Hendricks, indicates that he doesn’t know if Daniel is from the Albertus line. This is the line that Thomas A Hendricks, Vice President of the USA, is from. Even official Congressional/White House biographies at the time are vague about his background, only saying he grew up in Ligonier, Pennsylvania. This family’s haplogroup is I-M253.
- Adam Miller Hendrix – has the same DNA haplogroup as my ancestors, but not close enough to ours to be a direct match. Adam is in York County, Pennsylvania. Davenport hints that Adam is related to Daniel of Springhill Township, Fayette County, PA, but he says he can’t prove there’s a relationship. Now we know there’s not a relationship between Adam and the Albertus line, because Adam Hendrix’s family haplogroup is R-M269
The Hendricks Family DNA Project, and the Hendrickson Family DNA Project, on FamilyTreeDNA are an in-depth tool to discover which Hendricks and Hendrickson families lines are truly connected by DNA.
FamilyTreeDNA has a special test called the Y-DNA37 test, which is taken by Hendricks/Hendrickson direct male line, as it tracks chromosomes which pass only from father to son. If you’re unsure which Hendricks/Hendrickson line you belong to, I encourage you to look into the FamilyTreeDNA site, especially if you are a Hendricks/Hendrickson male.